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[ID:4-6719758] [精]高考英语全国卷作文常考体裁突破—邀请信 学案
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高考英语全国卷作文常考体裁突破—邀请信 活动邀请类书面表达属于学生比较熟悉的文体范畴,常常包含对节假日和校园活动等的介绍。学生完成写作任务时应认真审题,首先应明确写信人的身份、收信人的身份、两者之间的关系和熟悉程度,其次认真分析活动特点和意义,并根据以上信息确定书信使用比较正式的语言,在语气上应热情、礼貌、得体。 ☆ 话题常用词汇 ★ 节假日Traditional festival 传统节日the Mid-Autumn Festival 中秋节Family reunion 家人团聚the Dragon Boat Festival 端午节a three-day vacation三天的假期celebrate the festival庆祝节日时间,地点fall on (某节)是在(某月某日)is scheduled to be held… 预计被举行在…(何时何地)date back to; date from 追溯到 As …. is approaching 随着某节日的来临the school meeting hall 校会议厅the city hall 市政厅 ★ 发出邀请on behalf of the Students’ Union 代表学生会I feel much honored to … 我深感荣幸去…It is a great privilege to … 很荣幸去…I would like you to… 我希望你能…You can spare the time to do… 你能抽出时间… Sth. is aimed at doing …sth 目的旨在…Sb aims to do … 为了做…Sb intend/plan to do … 打算/计划做… be supposed to do sth. 应该做某事 ★ 活动意义in memory of 纪念in honour of 为纪念,向……表示敬意show respect for sb. 对某人表示尊敬put on performances 表演节目 visit relatives and friends 走亲访友 set off fireworks 放烟花 enrich one’s life 丰富生活arouse one’s interest 激发兴趣make/leave a deep impression on sb 给某人深刻印象spread Chinese culture 传播中国文化 experience diverse Chinese culture 体验多元的中国文化promote the understanding of each other’s culture 促进对彼此文化的相互了解 increase one’s knowledge about…增加对…的了解 ☆ 试题解读— 邀请信(Letters of Invitation) 1. I’m writing on behalf of …. to invite you to … 2. If you are interested, please sign up at the office before … so that we will make necessary arrangements. 3. I’m sure that you will have a good time staying with us. 试题呈现— 2019深一模作文 假定你是李华。你是学生会主席。你校将于5月25日-30日在广州沙面举行龙舟赛(Dragon Boat Race)。请根据以下内容给姐妹学校剑桥中学(Cambridge High School)写一封邀请信。 (1)写信目的 (2)活动时间、地点和意义 (3)回复时间:2017年4月15日前 ? 注意:1.词数100左右;2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;3.开头语己为你写好。 ☆试题分析 1. 内容维度: (1)审题偏差,导致信息点不当,未能按写作要求完成交际任务。例如:只介绍活动具体内容,完全没有提到活动意义;大篇幅介绍端午节的由来和历史;活动意义只提及端午节起源,没有联系到体验文化或双方交流与友谊等相关内容;等等。 (2) 拓展了无关的信息,例如:比赛流程或规则、参赛队伍数量、奖励规定等。有的同学还在信件中题型对方打伞、穿雨衣、多喝水,称赞对方学校英文好,有助于提高我校学生会英语水平等。 (3) 文化常识缺失,内容与事实不符,例如:将龙舟竞渡错误解读成清明节,中秋节或元宵节的活动。 (4) 遗漏信息点,例如:漏写了回复时间 2. 篇章维度 (1) 内容糅杂,没有适当分段,或分段过多,可读性较差。 (2) 信息点呈现的次序不合理,相互之间缺乏内在的逻辑关联,层次不分明。 (3) 有意识地使用了连接词,但由于使用不当,使得行文生硬,如:机械套用first, second, finally; therefore用在非因果关系中;乱用last but not least等等。 (4) 读者意识薄弱,未高清写作对象,人称混乱,措辞不当或不得体,例如: I am writing to invite our sister school- Cambridge High School… You had better/must reply to me before April 15th. 写作范文及星级句式 第一段:表明写信目的 范文:I am Li Hua, chairman of the Student Union. I’m writing to invite your school to take part in our school’s upcoming Dragon Boat Race from May 25th to 30th on the Pearl River in Shamian, Guangzhou. 星级句式1: With the Dragon Boat Race drawing close, I, on behalf of our school, am writing to invite your school, our beloved sister school to take part in it. 星级句式2: Aiming to enrich our school life and promote the cultural interaction with your school, I’m greatly honored to formally invite you to participate in the Dragon Boat Race to be held from May 25th to 30th in Shamian, Guangzhou. 第二段: 具体内容 Point 1: 活动举行的时间和地点 (请同学们注意学习以下星级句式中对话题引入的写法) 星级句式1: As scheduled, the race will be held from May 25th to 30th, during the traditional Chinese festival, Dragon Boat Festival. 星级句式2: According to the plan/ To be more specific, the Dragon Boat Race is scheduled to be held in Shamian, Guangzhou on May 25th, lasting 5 days. Point 2: 活动举行的意义 (该书信的重点内容在于活动意义的介绍) 范文:The event is a fantastic opportunity for our schools to develop closer ties and to promote cultural exchange. The annual Dragon Boat Festival is one of China’s most important cultural events, commemorating the ancient poet Qu Yuan, who drowned himself after being falsely accused of corruption. It will provide students the chance to learn from each other, improve their boating skills and promote friendship. 星级句式1: It’s widely acknowledged that the Dragon Boat Race has a profound meaning. For one thing, it is of great benefit for us to get access to the traditional Chinese culture, contributing to a further understanding of it. For another, it is an effective way to improve the spirits of teamwork, which plays an increasingly crucial part in today’s society. (写作结构:总—分) 星级句式2: Widely acknowledged as a custom in china, Dragon Boat Race is held annually in honor of the great poet Qu Yuan. Additionally, it is also a day when friends and families gather together to enjoy the big event. So attractive is it that I assure you will never fail to be overwhelmed by its charm and fascination. (写作结构:分—总) 第三段:希望得到回复 范文:We know that Cambridge High School has an outstanding boating team and would love you to take part. We’d appreciate hearing from your reply before April 15th. 星级句式1: Sincere invitation has been sent to you and I’ m looking forward to your participation. And I’ will be more than delighted to receive your reply before April 15th. 星级句式2: Chance provided, it will be our great privilege to have your attendance, which will undoubtedly promote our friendship and communication. Please confirm your decision ahead of April 15th. Look forward to your favorable reply! ☆佳作欣赏I Dear Sir or Madam, I am Li Hua, chairman of the Student Union. It is my great honor to inform you that our school is going to hold a Dragon Boat Race to celebrate the traditional festival, which is intended to recall our memory of the great poet, Qu Yuan. We sincerely hope that the students and teachers in your school will participate in such a meaningful activity, where I am sure that you will enjoy a good time. The race will be held from May 25th to 30th in Sha Mian, a beautiful small place surrounded with trees and abundant in historical buildings. Besides, there is a “Gourmet Food Festival (?http:?/??/?dict.youdao.com?/?w?/?eng?/?gourmet_food_festival?/?" \l "keyfrom=dict.phrase.wordgroup?)”, which provides you with an opportunity to try the traditional food in China. As there are many other things we need to prepare for, I am wondering whether you can give me a reply before April 15th. We do hope you will come and share our joy .Looking forward to your earliest reply. Dear sir or Madam, I am Li Hua, chairman of the Student Union. Representing our school, I’m writing to invite your school to participate in the Dragon Boat Race organized by our school. This race is regarded as one of the Chinese traditions, so we want to share the enjoyment with you. The race will be held from May 25th to May 30th in ShaMian, where the scenery is quite enjoyable. As is known to all, the Dragon Boat Race dates back to the ancient china and is held in memory of Qu Yuan, a great poet and politician. As for us, two sister schools, it’s also a great opportunity to communicate with each other and strengthen our friendship. We sincerely hope that you will accept the invitation and please reply to me before April 15th. 亮点点评: It is my great honor to do sth… 句式运用地道,优美,得体,符合书信礼貌用语,也反映出考生平时扎实的语言积累。 ……,which is intended to recall our memory of the great poet, Qu Yuan. 定语从句运用娴熟,使句子的层次丰富,加上be intended to 短语的运用,使这句话读起来亮点突出,非常具有美感。 ……, a beautiful small place surrounded with trees and abundant in historical buildings. 这是一个同位语结构,和前面的Shamian这个地名同位。这样的句式很有英语味道,属于高级句式。同学们可以平时注意积累类似句式。 I am wondering whether…句式礼貌,合乎礼仪。 亮点点评: Representing our school, 非谓语结构做状语是高中学生应该掌握的作文句式提高重要手段。 …, where the scenery is quite enjoyable.这个定语从句虽然不算复杂,但是用的恰到好处,为读者补充说明了沙面的情况。比起两个并列句可读性强很多。试比较:The race will be held from May 25th to May 30th in ShaMian and the scenery is quite enjoyable there.(效果差) 善于运用高中阶段的重点短语,如:dates back to,in memory of等,可以向改卷老师传递作者英语基础非常扎实的信息。 现场写作: 假如你是育才高中的英语俱乐部的负责人李华,决定邀请本校的外教David给俱乐部成员作一次讲座,请你给他写一封信,告知相关事项,要点如下: 时间与地点: 下周星期五(4月17日)下午,俱乐部活动室。 2. 活动安排:16:30-17:30由外教David作“美式英语与英式英语的差异”的专题讲座;17:30-18:00为互动环节,由David回答同学们学习英语的疑难问题。 注意:1. 词数100左右 2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯3.开头语和结束语为你写好. Dear David, My name is Li Hua, President of English Club of Yucai High School. I am writing to invite you to give a lecture to our club members. __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ Yours Li Hua A possible version: Dear David, My name is Li Hua, President of English Club of Yucai High School. I am writing to invite you to give a lecture to our club members. To promote students’ interest in learning English, our club is organizing a lecture on the differences between American English and British English. It will be held in Activity Room of the English club on next Friday afternoon of April 17th. As planned, the lecturer will deliver his speech from 16:30 to 17:30, after which there will be an interactive session from 17:30 to 18:00, where the lecturer will answer the questions raised by the students. We all think that you are the right person to give the lecture and sincerely hope that you can accept our invitation. I am looking forward to your reply. Yours, Li Hua PAGE 3
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